first_imgThe game publisher that brought the world Madden NFL, The Sims and Battlefield has shed nearly 60% of its value in the last year, and its stock is down more than 80% from its all-time high. Why are investors so sour? Because despite being one of the world’s largest game publishers, EA still doesn’t seem to understand its customers or business.The BasicsElectronic Arts is probably the best-known brand in gaming. For years, the company has dominated PC and console gaming on the backs of high-quality, big-budget games (so-called “AAA titles”) like The Sims, SimCity, FIFA, Madden NFL and Command & Conquer. While some of its content was original, EA was best-known for acquiring successful game developers – such as BioWare – and incorporating their franchises. As the gaming market has diversified, so has EA, purchasing the social game publisher PopCap, maker of Plants vs. Zombies and Bejeweled.The ProblemThe gaming world is changing, and publishers need to adapt. To its credit, EA is acutely aware that the days of AAA titles dominating the market are numbered. With its traditional business of leveraging existing franchises as sequels (derided as “buying and bleeding” or “gutting and dumping” by many hard-core gamers) on the decline, EA has diversified into other platforms and business models, most notably mobile/social games and Free-to-Play (F2P) titles where the revenue comes from add-ons. Unfortunately, its execution shows a distinct lack of understanding of how gamers think. Here are four key examples: 5 Outdoor Activities for Beating Office Burnout 1: Star Wars: The Old Republic. Thanks to massive hubris and overconfidence in the Star Wars brand, EA vastly over-invested in Star Wars: The Old Republic. With a massive 500,000 paying users needed to break even and subscriptions falling from 1.7 million to somewhere under a million in just seven months, EA was forced to offer a Free-to-Play (F2P) option just to keep players involved. There’s nothing wrong with F2P – even the ever-popular World of Warcraft is now free for the first 20 levels – but SW:ToR has not come close to matching its lofty expectations. A more modest effort might would have been much more profitable and allowed progressive, organic growth.2: Predatory Profitability. There’s no such thing as a free lunch, but there is a right way to make diners pay without making them feel ripped off. Dozens of game-makers earn solid profits selling game-enhancing add-ons. But EA’s greed threatens to kill the goose that lays the golden eggs.According to comments made at a shareholder’s meeting, EA’s CEO sees potential for a more “leveraged” micro-transaction payment model: “When you are six hours into playing Battlefield and you run out of ammo in your clip and we ask you for a dollar to reload, you’re really not very price-sensitive at that time.” 12 Unique Gifts for the Hard-to-Shop-for People… To many gamers, this kind of gameplay-affecting pinch crosses the line by tilting the playing field toward players with the deepest pockets.3: Drinking the “Social” Kool-Aid. In 2011, EA acquired PopCap Games for $650 million in cash, $100 million in stock and an earn-out that could raise the total cost to nearly $1.3 billion. On its face, the deal gives EA a solid foothold in the social gaming market, but as Zynga’s flopped acquisition of OMGPOP shows, past performance in social games doesn’t necessarily translate into future performance. A good, new game is far more important than a legacy of good games, and paying a premium for an existing user base doesn’t make sense when the very nature of social games makes viral exposure cheap and easy. EA should have been smart enough to smell a bubble – that billion dollars could have built the company a whole lot of new social games.4: Gamers Hate It. To many gamers, EA is the Dark Side, minus the cool Sith duds. Some of that comes with simply being big, but much of it is EA’s own fault. The company has done little to counter its reputation as a Borg-like behemoth that buys cool indie publishers and bleeds them dry.EA recently won’s “Worst Company of 2012” award, beating Bank of America nearly 2-to-1.The Players John Riccitiello, CEO: John Riccitiello has a solid corporate past as a brand manager and executive, plus an MBA from a top-tier school, but the most unusual thing about him is that he’s actually a gamer. Even as the company he runs appears oblivious to the needs of its customers, Riccitiello seems to understand the industry. While his company-wide reorganization and the PopCap deal might have been an overcorrection, Riccitiello has seen the diversified future of gaming world for some time, and he also seems to get the details.So what’s behind EA’s clunky moves? Is he just incredibly shortsighted, or under the thumb of a board that never got over its old ways of doing things? While the rumored appointment of Peter Moore to EA’s throne might have been an improvement, Riccitiello may still have the soul of a gamer.The PrognosisEA won’t be shutting down any time soon. It also won’t be acquired. Its brand portfolio remains valuable, but few companies could afford the price tag – and none of them are capable of returning lagging brands to their former glory. EA will probably muddle on for some time, rarely releasing a Game of the Year but occasionally hitting middling expectations with playable, unremarkable games. It will probably get some growth in social gaming as the sector grows, but unless it gives PopCap room to breathe, don’t expect anything groundbreaking.Can This Company Be Saved?EA can absolutely rescue itself from mediocrity – but first it needs to stay out of its own way. That starts with treating its studios with respect, creating an environment that encourages developers to stay on and remain creative. Next, the company needs to extend that trust to gamers – and make sure everyone knows its change of heart. If EA can make the move from miserly bean-counting evil overlord to hip, in-the-know incubator and marketer, it has the resources to reclaim the industry’s top spot. But that hardly seems to be the company’s strategy. (Filing copyright lawsuits against competitors like Zynga probably won’t help that effort. ) Instead, the company is crowing that its most recent quarterly losses weren’t as bad as expected, and spending $500 million on a stock buyback.The Deathwatch So FarResearch In Motion: Things are hurtling downhill even faster than expected. Massive losses – more than 11 times worse than expected – and new delays in its Hail Mary BlackBerry 10 operating system update have made the company’s dire situation even harder to ignore. And over the weekend, a federal jury found RIM liable for $147 million in patent damages to Mformation Technologies.HP: No change in statusNokia: The mobile phone giant’s quarterly revenue and earnings exceeded expectations and it has reduced its cash burn rate, but the company lost money yet again and saw its debt ratings cut to junk status. And it still hasn’t cracked the U.S. smartphone market as it halves the retail price of its flagship Lumia 900 to $49.99.38 Studios: No change in statusBarnes & Noble: No change in statusSony: No change in statusGroupon: Groupon’s stock price recently hit an all-time low on a downgrade from Evercore Partners, and a perceived weakness in social companies, led by Zynga.T-Mobile USA: No change in statusNetflix: No change in status Related Posts center_img Tags:#Deathwatch#gaming#web 4 Keys to a Kid-Safe App 9 Books That Make Perfect Gifts for Industry Ex… cormac fosterlast_img read more

first_imgSpirit ErrandsYou know, I think I’ve come up with some more Spirit Errands, and these are ones I can check off right now. This is a blog post, right? It should contain a round number of helpful tips. Here goes:Take your addictive social app(s) off the front screen of your phone.Unfriend and unfollow everyone and everything that isn’t necessary. Be strict.Turn off push notifications (except for DMs, if you’re desperate).Only check social things during short, dedicated bursts of time.Go offline an hour before bedthree hours before bedbefore dinner(screw it) the instant you’re done with work.That’s a start. I’m starting right now. Long live email. Now, what will I do with all this free time? And what about you? Are you willing to confess how deeply plugged into the matrix you are? And are you doing anything about it?Photos by Jon Mitchell. A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#Digital Detox#Pause Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Related Posts jon mitchell Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting I’m walking to the subway right now. It’s 7:13, sprinkling lightly. I can see little rainbow-colored droplets on my screen. I know my route by heart, just like I know the iPhone keyboard, so I’ve started taking my hour-long commute as time to write first thing in the morning, when my imagination works the best.Isn’t that insane?So much of my life takes place online that I’ve lost touch with the boundaries. I no longer know where my obligations lie, with my “real” life or my “virtual” life. What’s real and what’s virtual? Is someone only real to you if you can smell them? Or are the realest people the ones you can relate to the most – no matter where they’re located?If these questions bore you, I beg you to listen a little bit longer with an open mind. If nothing else, try to see this as a cautionary tale about what happens if you plug your spinal column into the Internet before either the Internet or your nervous system is ready.I have this Evernote list called “Spirit Errands.” It’s for things I’ve promised to do for myself to live a healthier life. Meditate every day, learn Spanish, eat meat only once per day, listen to one album per day while disconnected from the Internet, et cetera. None of the boxes are checked yet. I add a new item every week or so, whenever I think of one.I tell myself the reason I haven’t completed any Spirit Errands is that I don’t have time. Life After WorkAfter I’m done working on the Internet all day, I’ve saved about 30 things to Pocket to read, and I’ve got a couple new podcasts. So my commute back home is spent listening to podcasts, although those tend to provoke lots of interesting thoughts, so I’m posting to Twitter or throughout, and while I’m there, I might as well read the feed, too. That might draw me into a conversation, which could go on for an hour, so I have to answer all the replies right away.When I get home around 7:30, the podcast is over (but I don’t remember it), and I bring my ongoing conversations with me as I take out the iPad to read, which sparks more conversations. Then I look up, and it’s 11:48 p.m., and I can’t focus my eyes anymore, so I roll over, fall immediately to sleep, and dream about the Internet.Yes, I eat food. I’ve picked out places on my route that I can get into and out of as fast as I can.Oh, I didn’t mention Facebook. I guess that’s because I check it constantly, like a background process. That’s where my “real” friends are, so I guess it matters more.My roommates get home later than I do, but I leave way before they do, so I usually see them for just a few minutes at night. But I’m so worn out from interacting with thousands of invisible people all day that I barely have anything left for them except bitterness. If they bring company, I can’t handle it. I retreat to my room, snark with the other people on Twitter in bed, and try to squeeze in a couple more Pocket articles before I pass out.Weekends have become pretty special, since they don’t have to be like this, but they’re really short. And by Sunday night, I’m morose and lethargic, unable to stop visualizing the walk to BART in the morning.First-World ProblemsI know. First-world problems. Everybody get your hashtags out.What I hope is that you didn’t just think that before I said it. I hope your reflex is not to think about broadcasting to the social Web whenever you feel snarky. But if it is, then maybe you feel me.“Maybe we should both get lives,” one of my Twitter friends said to me last night after I’d blurred the real/virtual line too much. Maybe we should. If we were all out having real fun, or running our Spirit Errands, there’d be nothing to do online. If there was nothing to do, all these gamified, data mining, “like”-button oxytocin factories would have to shut down.My train’s pulling in to West Oakland now. 7:41. We’re about to cross the Bay. I’m hanging from a strap in my right hand, pecking out letters with my left. Six people around me are on their phones. I note the makes and models. Three of them have earbuds in. I don’t today. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

first_imgRelated Posts The pseudo-democracy of Facebook has invited its billion-plus users to vote on their own rights – but don’t count on getting your voice heard.On Monday, Facebook allowed users to weigh in on the site governance policy, namely whether it remains as is or if a set of proposed changes will go into effect. Facebook has opened the polls in the form of a third-party voting widget and is expected to send an email explaining the process to its entire user base.It’s even possible that some Facebook users might actually read it this time. (The last site governance email – embedded below – sailed into the collective inbox black hole on the eve of the U.S. Thanksgiving holiday.)  So what’s the catch? The vote will be binding only if 30% of Facebook’s more than one billion users weigh in. If they don’t – and that’s by far the most likely scenario – the results will be considered advisory and Facebook’s proposed policy changes will go into effect as planned.That Pesky 30% ThreshholdIn other words, Facebook is asking users to vote on their own right to vote, but unless Hell freezes over, it’ll be taking away that right. The poll will close on December 10 at noon Pacific time, so be sure to exercise your right to a faux democratic process before then.Of course, the post-IPO Facebook is far more beholden to its stockholders than its users. Still, Facebook claims the proposed changes are ostensibly to fix the feedback system, which wasn’t particularly effective to begin with. In fact, ReadWrite has been skeptical about it since 2009, when it had that pesky 30% clause tacked on:“We encourage you to participate and make your voice heard. For this vote and any future one, the results will be binding if at least 30 percent of active Facebook users at the time that the vote was announced participate. An active user is someone who has logged in to the site in the past 30 days.”What The Vote MeansWant to weigh in anyway? Read up here on how the proposal will affect privacy, data ownership and some of those other hot-button issues that Facebook users like to get up in arms about.Sure, it’s not particularly easy for a beast as big as Facebook to collect and consider user feedback, but at this point the site’s whole feedback system is as condescending as it is illusory – right down to this last vote. Tags:#Facebook#privacy#social media#social networks A Comprehensive Guide to a Content Audit The Dos and Don’ts of Brand Awareness Videoscenter_img Guide to Performing Bulk Email Verification Facebook is Becoming Less Personal and More Pro… taylor hatmakerlast_img read more

first_imgTags:#databases To listen to the media, you would think that the end of the relational database is about to strike at any moment, leaving behind a shattered mess of tables and queries strewn about in proprietary servers, collecting silicon dust.Truth be told, the future for relational databases has really never been better — though it’s a future that’s changing rapidly, altered by the ascendency of big data and non-relational databases.In an earlier article this week, we reviewed how and when a business should consider using non-relational (NoSQL) databases. While not comprehensive, the uses for NoSQL databases center around the acquisition of fast-growing data or data that does not easily fit within uniform structures.(See also: When NoSQL Databases Are — Yes — Good For You And Your Company)In describing the use cases for relational databases, it would be easy to say at this point that such databases — Oracle, SQL Server, PostgreSQL or MySQL — pretty much take care of every thing else. In the broadest sense that may be true, but that’s an overly simplistic view.Stability Is KeyFirst, the easy answer: relational databases are very well-suited  for data sets that aren’t likely to suddenly expand. Even the most successful company, for instance, is not going to see its HR database (or an asset management database) grow faster than it can handle the new entries. One could argue, of course, that a merger with another organization that’s at or larger than your organization could result in a rapidly expanding database. But such merger and acquisitions are rare in the course of normal business, and they are usually seen coming months in advance — which, of course, gives plenty of time to merge relational data sets.Data in such collections is also structured, meaning that once a schema for the data is defined, (length of fields, type of data for fields, etc), data doesn’t depart from that schema. Unstructured data can include weblog information, which can be highly varied in organization, depending on what’s being monitored.The term I usually use to describe these data set to my students is “non-exploding” data, which is colorful, but fairly apt. Data will grow and change, but not beyond the normal capability for the relational database software to keep up.Legacy MattersRelational databases have been around for over four decades, and that means something in the IT world.Over those years, a lot of applications have been written to manage and manipulate data that’s been held in SQL databases — some good, some bad. But if you’re considering ripping and replacing apps or data architecture, it’s important to remember that you don’t have to fix what ain’t broke.Yes, apps can be improved, and data schemes enhanced. Better, faster databases can be installed, too. But it may not be necessary to haul your data over to a non-relational database just because it’s new and shiny. If your workflow uses structured data, is the cost of moving to non-relational systems really worth it?Hand-In-HandMy favorite use case for relational databases revolves around big data.Yeah, you read that right: big data.Confused? Hang on a sec. See, while it is true that rapidly changing data sets do better being stored in NoSQL databases or distributed unstructured data warehouses like Hadoop, there is still a very strong and growing need for relational databases to tap into subsets of that data to perform data analysis in a timely manner.Time after time you can read about yet-another data vendor that’s built in hooks to the rock-star popular Hadoop, for this very reason. Hadoop is great for what it does: storing data across distributed commodity servers. But for real-time analysis? Meh. Better, then, to use a known relational database tool to create familiar queries to grab some of that data and crunch it that way you need to. This is a use case that’s growing very quickly these days, and which should keep relational database vendors in Dutch for the foreseeable future.Image courtesy of Shutterstock. brian proffitt 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now Related Posts center_img Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… IT + Project Management: A Love Affair Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of…last_img read more

first_img4 Keys to a Kid-Safe App Tony Stark may be a “genius, billionaire, philanthropist” but he is also most definitely a geek. Stark’s sanctuary is his basement, where he relentlessly tinkers – creating voice-activtated Iron Man suits and relying upon what might be Google Glass 2.0 to help construct his visions. Stark builds several Iron Man suits, expertly repairs them when needed, hacks into a news truck’s satellite feed, heroically soars above the clouds and commands computing power likely still a few years away from today’s reality. His newest suit wraps itself around him at will. Think the rumored iWatch, only for the entire body and with military-grade weaponry standard-issue.  Hollywood Follows Silicon ValleySilicon Valley is leading the charge to construct the programmable world. With Iron Man 3, Hollywood follows, expertly dramatizing these changes. Iron Man 3 is a great – nearly classic – summer blockbuster, filled with awesome special effects, stellar performances, fewer plot holes than explosions and a heartfelt geek message at its core: technology drives and inspires us, enables us to save the world – and how we control our tech ultimately determines our humanity.Iron Man is the role that Robert Downey, Jr. was born to play, though Ben Kingsley nearly steals the show, deliciously playing the dual roles of evil terrorist and drunken British footie fan. The film’s entire lead cast is spot on, in fact, with each character able to stand out amidst the many loud rockets very bright red glare.  Tony Stark, himself, is the stuff of Silicon Valley dreams: even smarter than rich, witty, equal parts computer programmer and mechanical engineer. He quit running his own mega-company, Stark Enterprises, to concentrate on the more visionary stuff and, Sergey Brin-like, spend his time building cool new gadgetry.   brian s hall 12 Unique Gifts for the Hard-to-Shop-for People… The Whole World’s Gonna Be WatchingIn Iron Man 3, the female characters – yes, there are more than one – are badass, smarts are highly valued, terrorists are as stupid as they are evil, technology absolutely can make us better, children can do much more than we suspect, the good guys always have someone at their back, and you get better as you get older.All that plus the gadgets, the rocket attacks and the big finish, makes Iron Man 3 the perfect start to the summer blockbuster season. It’s fun, loud, action-packed, well-written, well-acted, filled with awesome special effects that almost but do not quite overwhelm the characters.You probably want to go see it again.ReadWrite will provide reviews of other summer blockbusters. Next up: Star Trek: Into Darkness.Image of Sergey Brin courtesy of Flickr. All other images courtesy of Marvel. 9 Books That Make Perfect Gifts for Industry Ex… Related Posts 5 Outdoor Activities for Beating Office Burnout Offered without irony, Stark inadvertently places his life in danger – and threatens the future of America – by turning down one hell of a start-up opportunity. Spoiler alert: The man Tony turned down, the smart, nerdy, hapless and ultimately evil Aldrich Killian, well-played by Guy Pearce, possesses a product – Extremis – that can “hack into the hard drive of any living organism.”  If there is any cautionary message in the film, it’s that technology that surrounds us is acceptable, but tech we put inside us remains to be feared. Tags:#film The story is surprisingly well-constructed, if a bit boilerplate Hollywood: America is under siege – only, this time it’s personal. Media-savvy terrorists have turned humans into walking bombs. But not even Tony Stark, aka Iron Man, can save us. In this third installment of the series, we require not one but a battalion of Iron Men, some human, some not – it’s not always so easy to tell – to vanquish our enemy. In the end, superior technology – or at least the tech with the fewest major bugs – wins the day. We Are Our TechIron Man 3 doesn’t just revel in all its high tech wonder. High tech is its purpose, its reason for being, and the driver of the plot.  Terrorists have developed, with Tony Stark’s unwitting help, something called “Extremis,” which can re-grow limbs but also turn people into walking bombs. It also creates a battery of super-strong villains able to take on the well-suited Tony Stark, though at the cost of their sanity. In Iron Man’s world, we are each the tech we put in or around our bodies – so choose wisely. last_img read more

first_imgBy Barbara O’NeillDoes TRICARE offer special benefits for families with special needs?TRICARE offers several health care options. Go to the TRICARE website at and choose the “Use a Plan Finder” to get more information about your family’s TRICARE options.Wounded Warriors on the way to recovery.Photo by Army Medicine ( offers additional benefits to help eligible uniformed services families facing the extra challenges that come with caring for a family member with special needs. These additional benefits include case management services, mental health care, hospice care, the Extended Care Health Option (ECHO), and ECHO Home Health Care (EHHC). Some of these services are free, and some have an additional cost for coverage. For more information, refer to these websites:Tricare – Special NeedsTricare – Special ProgramsFor more detailed information on Early Intervention Services, refer to these websites:to order the Special Needs Parent Toolkit to find a variety articles, links, and tools for families with special needs Browse more military personal finance webinars and articles by experts.Follow Dr. O’Neill on Twitter!This post was published on the Military Families Learning Network Blog on August 12, 2013last_img read more

first_imgJay Morse & Heidi Radunovich, PhDSuicidal ideation and behavior is a critical topic for the U.S. military.  According to a recent Huffington Post article, 185 active-duty Army soldiers committed suicide? in 2013 – more than the number of Army soldiers killed in combat in Afghanistan in that year [1].  However, much still needs to be learned about what increases risk of suicide, and the role that ethnic status could play in suicide risk.Creative Commons Licensing [Flickr, White Wreath Association, May 29, 2009]Copeland and colleagues researched suicidality in Hispanic and African American veterans [2] to determine if there was a relationship between suicidal behavior and ideation (SBI) in post-surgical patients who had a history of severe mental illness. This analysis included 89,995 veterans who had undergone surgeries such as bone or joint surgery, vascular surgery, or amputations.Of the 89,995 VA patients (with an average age of 64) in this sample, 2,836 were found to have suicidal behavior and ideation in the 3 years following surgery.  Consistent with previous research (Prior suicide attempts, Oct 2014), the researchers concluded that veterans with a previous history of severe mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, PTSD, or depression) experienced a significantly increased likelihood of SBI.However, the results of the study were not as clear when examining different ethnicities – African Americans showed an increased likelihood of SBI while Hispanics did not, and it was not clear why this was the case. It was noted that both African-American and Hispanic surgical patients reported higher rates of severe pain after surgery, but received lower doses of medication than White, non-Hispanic pain patients.  More study will be required to determine the influence of ethnicity on   the risk of SBI following surgery.While this study had a number of limitations, (the study used archival data and was limited to veterans, there were few women in the study) the importance of mental health care following surgery was clear.  Pre-operative and post-operative mental health monitoring is important to achieve a positive outcome for the patient.When working with minority groups in the military, consideration should be given to the individual client’s environment – family, work, and community – and the influence of culture in these groups.In an upcoming webinar, Dr. Andrew Behnke will focus on current issues and implications for clinical and advocacy work with Latino military families.References[1] Wood, D. (2013, September 25).  Tragedy of military suicides will ‘go on for many years,’ army chief warns. The Huffington Post. Retrieved from:[2] Copeland, L. A., McIntyre, R. T., Stock, E. M., Zeber, J. E., MacCarthy, D. J., & Pugh, M. J. (2014). Prevalence of suicidality among hispanic and african american veterans following surgery. American Journal of Public Health, 104, S603-8. This post was written by Jay Morse & Heidi Radunovich, PhD, members of the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network FD concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, YouTube, and on LinkedIn.last_img read more

first_imgOn Thursday, July 18, 2018, the Military Families Learning Network’s Military Caregiving, Family Transitions, and Family Development concentration areas will be hosting a webinar on Posttraumatic Growth in research and practice.This 90-minute webinar will be presented by Dr. Richard Tedeschi, Professor of Psychology at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte and Licensed Psychologist specializing in bereavement and trauma. During this webinar, Dr. Tedeschi will discuss the theoretical model and research basis of Posttraumatic Growth which is the process by which trauma survivors often find valuable changes in how they live life in the aftermath of trauma.1.5 CEUs will be offered through the UT Austin Steve Hicks School of Social Work for Part 1. These educational hours may be submitted by professionals to meet continuing education requirements for renewal of Social Work, Professional Counselor, and Marriage and Family Therapy licenses. Certificates of Completion will also be available.This webinar will be followed by Part-2 on August 8, 2018 and will be a continuation of the conversation on Posttraumatic Growth through a facilitated panel discussion. Along with Dr. Richard Tedeschi, panelists will include Mr. Josh Goldberg, Executive Director of Boulder Crest Institute for Posttraumatic Growth and Dr. Karen  Krinsley with the National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System.If you are unable to attend the live version of part 1, you will be able to view the archived version and obtain CEUs (for one year from the live date) here.Certificates of Completion will be offered for part 2 and the archived version can be viewed here.RSVP for Part 1RSVP for Part 2last_img read more

first_imgWorking with big RED RAW files?  Check out this video on keeping your work safe by copying and backing up your files.Digital production company and bloggers have released the first video in their training series on working with the RED Digital cameras and footage.  This video tutorial demonstrates two options for copying your RED footage onto another drive, either for editing or backing up.The first option is the standard copy/paste from one drive to the next.  Simple and easy, but not always the most reliable.   You’ll also see how to use a third party application to double check your backup byte for byte, so nothing gets lost in the moving of files.  The tutorial showcases this R3D Data Manager app (now called Double Data) as a way to more securely move your files.  This app works with video files from either the RED Digital line of cameras or the Arri Alexa.For more information on the R3D Data Manager/Double Data, you should also check out this extensive post by filmmaking blog The Black and Blue which offers the pros and cons of using this app in your workflow (hint: it’s HIGHLY recommended).What processes do you have in place to make sure your video footage is safely backed up and secure?  Share your thoughts and experiences in the comments below!last_img read more

first_imgWalking into a video production set without a lighting plan can throw your production schedule out the window. Here are some things that can help your shoot run smoothly.All images via Nick UtterEven though it might be a bit more work on the front end of your productions, taking the time to diagram and plan what you want in the way of lighting will save your crew both time and stress. Let’s look at few things to take into consideration and then explore the exceptionally helpful process of creating lighting diagrams.Know the Ins and Outs of Your LocationOne of the most important things to take into consideration is your location. On your location scout, make sure that you look for possible problems and limiting factors. Some locations offer the ability to control the natural light already present in the scene, so be aware of where the sun will be during your shoot. I absolutely love using the Sun Scout app for iPhone. It uses your iPhone’s camera to determine when the sun will be where (as seen below).What’s the Power Situation?I typically try and balance our production schedule with what type of visuals we would like to accomplish. Sometimes there are not enough hours in the day to set up every single scene with an entire grip truck. If we need to get by with using reflectors, nets, and mirrors, I have no problem doing that.Sometimes you will need to film in places without accessible power. While I don’t think that you need to light up every scene (even if you have the equipment to do so), if the scene calls for more light, you can always have a generator on standby.How Long Will You Have to Set Up?This is my number one deciding factor on planning my lighting set ups. Sometimes, for reasons out of your control, the production time will require a quick set up. Flexibility is extremely important when working with clients. Last minute schedule changes, weather, traffic, all of these can throw wrenches into your production schedule. Having the ability to be flexible with your lighting setup will earn you points with your crew.Create Diagrams for Lighting PlanningAfter taking all of the above factors into consideration, it’s time to start planning the lighting setup. I prefer to create overhead lighting plans in Photoshop, as seen above and below.The ShotThe Lighting PlanKeep in mind what equipment and crew you will have on hand. Plan for something that can actually be set up and taken down in the time scheduled. Even if things need to slightly change on the day of the shoot, you will at least have a great starting place for your crew to work off of. Having a starting point for your crew to visualize will get everyone on the same page immediately. Here’s another example.The ShotThe Lighting Plan Key Points to Remember When Designing Your Lighting PlanPlan for the “oh, crap” moments that can (and will) happen on set.It’s better to finish early than throw the production schedule off.Plan, plan, plan.Create the diagram and plan again.Have fun.Got any tips for creating a perfect lighting plan? Share them in the comments below!last_img read more

first_imgThinking of upgrading to the Canon 5D MK IV? This longtime Canon videographer offers up some things you should consider before making the change.Cover image via Canon.Canon’s 5D Mark IV has been on the scene now since September 2016, and it remains one of the best-selling and critically reviewed cameras in a very competitive digital camera market. As a longtime Canon videographer, I recently made the upgrade from a reliable five year-old Canon 7D to a new 5D Mark IV — as many others have. I based the decision on several factors, but a general familiarity with the brand and uniformity of my gear was a chief motivation.So for anyone looking into purchasing (or renting) a Canon 5D Mark IV, here are some of the most important aspects to consider, as well as some tips from my upgrade decision.30.4 MP Full-Frame SensorImage by Volodymyr Krasyuk.So let’s start with the biggest selling point for the Canon 5D Mark IV: the 30.4 megapixel full-frame sensor. The Canon 7D I had been using for years had an 18.0 megapixel APS-C size CMOS sensor and was using dual DIGIC 4 image processors. (The 5D Mark IV uses a single DIGIC 6+ image processor). So transitioning from a crop 18MP 1.6x crop factor frame to the powerful 30.4MP full-frame is a huge difference in both quality and practice.Staying within the Canon family was important to me, so the sensor change threw a wrench into things because I chose the lenses I had been using with the 1.6x crop factor in mind. My 15-50mm was operating as a 24-80mm lens, and when I rented a 70-200mm, it amplified to a ridiculous 112-320mm. The 15-50mm was also built with cropped sensors in mind, so when going full-frame, it created a spherical vignette that’s not usable.So, if you’re shifting from crop factor sensors to full-frame, you will need to reevaluate your lenses. I went with the stock 24-105mm option for my main run-and-gun option. The fixed f/2.8 of the 15-50mm was nice in low light, but even with the new stock, the 5D’s higher ISO range and processing should make up for any discrepancies. Also, with the greater sensor and image processing power, full HD recording is now available at higher frame rates like 60fps (the 7D could only do 1280×720 HD at 60fps), which opens the door for shooting more often with slow-motion playback in mind.4k Video RecordingImage by Andrey Grigoriev.The next biggest selling point of the Canon 5D Mark IV (and how it stands out from past iterations) is the fully available 4K recording option. While past 5Ds could be “hacked” with Magic Lantern to shoot 4K, it was often problematic, and it required voiding the factory warranty to use the third-party firmware update. However, to compete with the less expensive and growingly popular Panasonic GH5 and Sony a7S II, the market demands 4K.So, while you have 4K recording capability (at up to 29.97fps), there are some caveats. The biggest issue is that while the 5D Mark IV is a full-frame sensor for Full HD, for 4096×2160 pixel recording, it re-introduces a crop factor of 1.74x. So, for my upgrade, it brings my old lenses’ framing process back into play. (There’s also a rumored firmware update to reduce this crop from 1.74x to 1.27x.)Canon Gear FamiliarityImage by welcomia.Outside of the sensor and processing upgrades, and without getting into the photography aspects of the 5D Mark IV, the biggest factor in my decision was my desire to keep using my Canon-friendly gear choices, which I had compiled over the years. From light and sturdy tripods to my DIY shoulder mount to attachable mics and LED options, everything is compatible — even the Canon-made lithium-ion batteries and chargers. Cards too, as the 5D has slots for both SD cards and CF cards (the latter of which I had been stockpiling for use in the 7D).Resources and WarrantiesImage by REDPIXEL.PL.While there are ample resources online and in person for the majority of the major digital cameras on the market these days, the Canon 5D Mark IV is such a popular camera that resources are readily available for all of its updates, upkeep, performance tips and tricks, and firmware updates. Also, purchasing a new camera for the first time in my life also meant I got both a manufacturer’s warranty and an extended warranty from the vendor covering everything from drops to scratches to rain damage.For more information and resources on the Canon 5D Mark IV and DSLR videography, check out some of these links.The Differences Between All-I and IPB CompressionWhat You Should Buy After You’ve Purchased a Camera3 Tips for Recording Long-Form DSLR ProductionsCanon 5D RAW & Magic Lantern Hack RoundupBreak into 4K with These 5 Cameras Under $1,000last_img read more

first_imgCan you develop skills shooting commercial work that’ll serve you well on feature films, or do you have to start from scratch?Feature films and network TV commercials are two of the highest-paying and most prestigious jobs a cinematographer can get. Many top DPs go from one kind of project to another, filling the downtime between long-form films with several smaller, one-day commercial shoots. Other DPs specialize in one medium or the other and become sought-after for those kinds of projects.I set out to explore how the two are different from one another — and which skills are transferable between commercial work and feature films, and which are not. Features vs. CommercialsOn the face of it, they are very different projects. A typical indie feature shoots for ten to twenty-eight days and has a budget of $50k to $1m. A network TV commercial has a similar budget range, but most shoot over a single day. Commercials can pull off complex shots that are out of reach of all but the biggest-budget features and TV shows.The DP of a TV commercial usually has a larger crew and more equipment at their disposal, even if the prep time and shoot time is less.Oren Soffer (via IMDb).I reached out to Oren Soffer, a commercial and feature DP based in LA, and asked him about his experience:Many young DPs rush to shoot their first feature, but don’t realize if the acting, the locations, and the script are all sub-par, it’s all but impossible to reach your creative potential and shoot something you’re proud of. Great cinematography can’t happen in a vacuum . . . Working in commercials can allow you to earn a living as a DP, which, in turn, means you only have to take on the feature films that appeal to you, and are a good fit for the stories you want to be a part of. Even if they don’t put money in, the DP is always a investor on low-budget feature films, because of how much they bring to the table.Noah M. Rosenthal (via IMDb).I also spoke to Noah M. Rosenthal, DP of the Bryan Cranston thriller Cold Comes the Night and the indie hit Band of Robbers:You can’t buy your way out of problems on a feature film in the same way you can on a commercial, because you don’t have the budget. You have to out-create your obstacles. Through communication with the director and producer, you can explain why something is going to be an issue and change the script (or your approach) to get the most out of the resources you have.Because of the many layers of approval that a commercial goes through, it’s hard (if not impossible) to make changes on set. These adaptations to the reality on shoot day hold some of the greatest creative potential. Rosenthal continues:You need to plan the work and work that plan, but also have the ability to call an audible — to change things up at the last minute to fit the situation as you find it. Understanding what the director is going for and offering a solution to achieve within our means is a big advantage of feature film work, even if you don’t have all the toys.Both commercials and feature films offer challenges to improve your cinematography and advance your career, but DPs should be aware that the ability to excel in one field won’t always translate into the other. The cinematographers I spoke to all advised asking as many questions as possible and establishing open communication with your collaborators before signing on to a new project.Cover image via Her (Annapurna Pictures).Looking for more articles on the film and video industry? Check these out.What Is Panavision’s Liquid Crystal Neutral Density (LCND) Filter?What the Marvel Cinematic Universe Means for the Future of FilmIndustry Insights: Filming Documentary Subjects in Conflict Zones10k Vs 100k Vs 500k: Feature Film Budgets ComparedThe History and Power of Sound Design in the Film Industrylast_img read more

first_img Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Now Podcast: Play in new window | Download (Duration: 25:54 — 12.2MB)Subscribe: Apple Podcasts | Android | Email | Google Podcasts | RSSThere’s nobody more committed to the free enterprise system than Bob Burg. You can find him talking passionately about the subject in almost every setting he’s in. Why? Because he believes in the good that the free enterprise system makes in the world. On this episode you’re going to hear Bob define in detail what the free enterprise system is, how you can benefit from it, and why being a Go-Giver (the title of his newest book) is the only way you’ll build a long terms sales career in a free enterprise system. Bob’s passion is contagious and his wisdom is unmistakeable. Take the time to listen to this one.What IS free enterprise? Find out with Bob Burg on this episodeClick To TweetWhat IS free enterprise?There are all kinds of twisted notions about the system we call “free enterprise.” From greed and pushy sales techniques to those “evil rich” people, the philosophy of free enterprise has been colored in every shade but the truth. But it’s really not that complicated. The basic premise is that both parties in any monetary transaction are “free” to engage in the transaction (nobody is being coerced) and the transaction happens when each deems that the transaction would give them the value they are seeking. How does that happen? Bob Burg explains it as only he can, on this episode of In The Arena.Why a Go-Giver fits the free enterprise economic system.In Bob Burg’s most recent book, “The Go Giver,” he tells a modern parable highlighting 5 important principles that need to exist in any transaction in order for everyone involved to walk away with the value they were seeking in the first place. The main shift that most people need to make in order to be the kind of person who can make that happen is a mental shift. You have to adjust your focus from taking, to giving – and though it seems counterintuitive it will make perfect sense after you hear Bob explain it, so be sure you listen.Why a Go-Giver fits the free enterprise economic systemClick To TweetDo salespeople have a right to make a profit?When asked if those in professional sales have a right to profit from the work they do in bringing solutions to the problems their prospects have. Bob Burg says that it’s not so much an issue of “right” as it is an issue of what they deserve. Are they creating the level of value (or greater) that the prospect is looking for? If so, the prospect will gladly part with their money to receive the solution to their problem. If not, the salesperson has not made the case for why their solution is the one that is of greatest value to the prospect. It may sound confusing but it’s actually very simple, and Bob explains it clearly in this conversation.Do you have what it takes to be a Go-giver?One of the most beautiful things about the free enterprise system is that it rewards good behavior. Those who focus on adding maximum value to their prospects, customers, or clients are the ones who benefit the most. It’s a win-win scenario for both salesperson and customer. Bob Burg’s insight into this Go-giver philosophy is not to be missed, so set aside some time on your commute or during your workout to hear this conversation with Anthony. One little shift in your focus could exponentially grow your level of sales success.Do you have what it takes to be a Go-giver? Find out from Bob Burg on this episodeClick To TweetOutline of this great episode Anthony’s introduction of Bob Burg. What it means to be a Go-giver and why it matters in sales. Why the idea of being a Go-giver is being received more these days. Why low prices is not a good idea. Do salespeople have a right to make a profit from adding great value? The reasons people discount their inner value. Influence is an attraction, not a coercion. The key thing to do with Bob’s book, The Go-Giver.Resources & Links mentioned in this episodeBob Burg’s Website159184200X0071462074 03160179300671700758074326951914423457211442345721The theme song “Into the Arena” is written and produced by Chris Sernel. You can find it on SoundcloudConnect with AnthonyWebsite: www.TheSalesBlog.comYoutube: Plus: Tweets you can use to share this episodeDo salespeople have a right to make a profit? Bob Burg says “yes” under one conditionClick To TweetFind out how to be the most effective influencer on your sales team, on this episodeClick To Tweetlast_img read more

first_imgA teenager was shot dead allegedly by a retired head constable of CRPF after a heated argument in Dausa district of Rajasthan. The incident occurred on Sunday when a verbal spat broke out between Ravi Kumar Meena (18) and Laxminarayan Meena (68) over some issue. Laxminarayan took out his licensed gun and shot at Ravi, SHO Baswa police station Veer Singh said. The teen died on the way to the hospital. The retired constable was detained on Monday, the SHO said Ravi’s body was handed over to his family after a postmortem.last_img read more

first_imgThe special CBI court in Ranchi on Thursday deferred pronouncing the quantum of sentence against Rashtriya Janata Dal chief Lalu Prasad and 15 other accused in a fodder scam case for the second consecutive day and indicated that it could be done through video conference on Friday.Mr. Prasad said he has no problem appearing in court.In a crowded court-room the CBI court judge Shiv Pal Singh said he would deliver the sentence in alphabetical order and asked the RJD chief to leave the court as his number would come up on Friday. The judge also said that he would decide on Friday whether the sentence would be given over video conference or in court. Responding to him, Mr. Prasad said he was for personal appearance and gave an assurance there would be no slogans raised in the courtroom by his supporters.Agency reports said the CBI judge also said that he had received phone calls from the RJD chief’s well-wishers but he should not worry as he would only follow the law. The judge, however, did not elaborate from whom he had received the calls, said the reports.‘I am innocent’However, lawyers who were present in the courtroom told the media Mr. Prasad told the judge that he was innocent and should be acquitted. Mr. Prasad and the judge also exchanged a few sentences in a lighter vein, they said.Later, amid tight security Mr. Prasad returned to the Birsa Munda Central jail of Ranchi where he, along with the other convicts in the case, is lodged.The case, RC 64(A)/96, pertains to the fraudulent withdrawal of ₹84.5 crore from Deoghar (now in Jharkhand) treasury between 1991-1994.Like the last two days, a large number of RJD leaders and workers were present outside the jail gate and on the court premises.“We’ll stay here even on Friday…he (Lalu Prasad) is our leader…how can we leave him here all alone,” said RJD leader and party legislator Vijay Prakash.Senior party leader Raghuvansh Prasad too was present on the court premises giving bites to local news channels. However, no family member of Mr. Lalu Prasad was around. Party sources said they were busy offering prayers at temples in Patna.On Wednesday the court issued contempt notices to senior RJD leaders Raghuvansh Prasad, Shivanand Tiwari, leader of opposition Tejaswi Yadav and Congress spokesperson Manish Tiwari for criticising the court verdict in the media on December 23. The RJD leaders said they would respond to the notice when they receive it.‘One to seven years’Meanwhile, legal luminaries told The Hindu that for the sections under which Mr. Prasad has been convicted, the quantum of imprisonment could be a minimum of one year to maximum seven years.“But, it all depends on the evidence collected by the court and how the judge observes and interprets it,” said Patna-based lawyer Y.V. Giri.In Patna, the RJD leaders have been saying, “Come what may, the party is ready for the next battle to chase away fascist forces from the country and the State as well.”last_img read more

first_imgNineteen people, including three children, were killed and six others were injured after a cement-laden truck they were travelling in overturned on a highway in Gujarat’s Bhavnagar. The victims were labourers from central Gujarat and were coming from Pipavav port.“Twenty-five people were in the open cement laden truck. The driver lost control while overtaking another vehicle on the highway and the truck turned turtle. Twelve women were among those killed,” a State government release said. The government has announced compensation of ₹4 lakh each for the victims.“My thoughts are with the families of those who lost their lives in the accident… I pray that those who have been injured in the accident recover at the earliest,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted.Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani asked the authorities to conduct an inquiry. The truck driver fled after the accident.last_img read more

first_imgGoa Congress president Girish Chodankar on Friday slammed the BJP-led coalition government for failing to protect Sidharth Kuncalienkar, the BJP’s candidate for Panaji bypoll. It also demanded that at least 100 police personnel should throw a permanent security cordon around Mr. Kuncalienkar.Mr. Chodankar was responding to a complaint by Mr. Kuncalienkar who on Thursday accused the Opposition of acting out of frustration, after two unknown persons on Thursday night flung a bottle at Mr. Kuncalienkar’s car while he was returning home.Mr. Chodankar also questioned the law and order situation in the city saying that the BJP-led coalition government had failed to provide security for its own candidate. “The Congress is not in power. If your candidate is not safe, then how can you safeguard people?,” asked Mr. Chodankar at a press conference here.“First of all, it is a shame for the government and the Chief Minister. Government is run by the Chief Minister and Home Ministry is also under him,” Mr. Chodankar said, emphasising that the police needs to arrest the culprit as soon as possible. A police complaint was registered at the Panaji town police station on Friday after the incident. Mr. Kuncalienkar was travelling along with a friend on Thursday night in Panaji’s Mala ward when unknown persons riding a two-wheeler flung a bottle at his car’s wind shield. Mr. Kuncalienkar said further in his complaint that the incident happened while passing through his constituency, after a public meeting addressed by Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari was over on Thursday evening.“My opponents must have been rattled after the success of the meeting, which is why they resorted to this act in desperation,” Mr. Kuncalienkar said while speaking to the media persons. Mr. Kuncalienkar is facing Atanasio Monserrate of the Congress, Valmiki Naik of the Aam Aadmi Party and Subhash Velingkar of the Goa Suraksha Manch, among others in the May 19 bypoll for Panaji, which is taking place following the demise of Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar on March 17.last_img read more

first_imgThe four Lok Sabha seats of Himachal Pradesh witnessed a turnout of around 71% on Sunday, officials said. The voters turnout crossed the 2014 general election’s polling percentage of 64.45 in the State. Interestingly, 132% turnout has been recorded in the world’s highest polling station in Tashigang village of Himachal Pradesh’s tribal Lahaul and Spiti district, a district official said. There are total 49 registered voters in the Tashigang polling station. Of these, 33 voters cast their votes till 3 pm. Apart from the registered voters, 32 members of the poll staff deployed at the Tashigang polling station and several nearby booths cast their vote here after showing election duty certificate (EDCs) issued to them by concerned AROs, he added. The Tashigang polling station is situated at a height of 15,256 feet above the sea level, State’s Assistant Chief Electoral Officer Harbans Lal Dhiman said. The temperature was below freezing point at Tashigang when the polling began at 7 a.m. The voters came to the polling station while wearing their traditional attire for exercising their right to franchise. Vote before marriageA bridegroom exercised his right to franchise in Kothi polling station in Manali of Himachal Pradesh’s Kullu district. Before proceeding to his bride’s village for his marriage, Anil, 28, of Kothi village near Manali, led his entire wedding procession to the polling booth number eight in the city and cast his vote, besides making his wedding companions to do the same. “Anil cast his vote before proceeding for his marriage,” a district election official said, adding the groom reached the polling with many of his wedding procession members. The first Indian voter, Shyam Saran Negi, 101, cast his vote at Kinnaur district’s Kalpa polling booth under Mandi Lok Sabha seat. He was given warm welcome by the election staff at the booth. However the voters of a village on the Sino-India border have boycotted the Lok Sabha poll as the government “failed” to find a permanent solution to frequent floods they face. Located at an altitude of 10,000 feet and around 350 km from state capital Shimla, voters at Geu village in Lahaul and Spiti district said they had been demanding their resettlement, but their demands remained unheard. Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur along with his family members cast his vote at Bharari (Murhag) in Seraj Vidhan Sabha constituency of Mandi district. EVM snags delayed voting at nine polling stations, but it restarted after the faulty machines were replaced, a State election officer said. A total of 7,730 polling stations had been set up in 4 constituencies — Shimla (SC), Mandi, Hamirpur and Kangra.last_img read more

first_imgThe U.S. Senate last night confirmed France Córdova to be director of the National Science Foundation (NSF). An astrophysicist and former university president, the 66-year-old Córdova succeeds Subra Suresh, who stepped down 1 year ago to become president of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.Cordova was nominated last summer by President Barack Obama for a 6-year term. In the interim, Cora Marrett has served as acting director of the $7 billion agency. Marrett will now return to her Senate-confirmed position as deputy NSF director.You can read ScienceInsider’s coverage of Córdova’s nomination here. We also wrote about the Senate’s slow confirmation process and conducted an interview with Córdova on her decision to accept the nomination.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)last_img read more

first_imgA double whammy of weird ocean behavior washed over the world in 1997. The Pacific Ocean had already succumbed to an exceptionally strong El Niño, and then the Indian Ocean was hit fiercely by El Niño’s close cousin: the so-called Indian Ocean Dipole. Surface waters off the coast of Indonesia cooled and the ocean’s predominant westerly winds reversed, leading to catastrophic weather. Fires raged across a drought-stricken Indonesia, and floods across east African nations killed thousands.Climate change could make years like 1997 come more often, according to a new study of the Indian Ocean Dipole cycle, which alternates between two opposite extremes, positive and negative, just as El Niño does with La Niña. The study suggests that rising greenhouse gases will cause extreme positive dipole events—like the one that struck the Indian Ocean in 1997—to occur three times as often this century as they did in the 20th century, or about once every 6 years, as opposed to once every 17 years.“The Indian Ocean Dipole affects a lot of poor countries,” says lead author Wenju Cai, a climate modeler at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation in Aspendale, Australia, who published the study with his colleagues online today in Nature. “We really need to build our capacity to deal with these kinds of events.” In January, Cai led a study that found that extreme El Niño events—a warming of tropical waters off the coast of Peru—were likely to double in frequency this century.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Shang-Ping Xie, a climate modeler at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in San Diego, California, says he likes that the study team focused on providing information on a more local rather than global scale. “They took an important step in the direction of understanding regional climate extremes in a better way.”Cai and his colleagues examined 31 global climate models and found that 23 were able to model the rainfall conditions in the Indian Ocean that they used to define an extreme positive dipole event. As a control, they ran the models from 1900 to 1999 to see how well they reproduced extreme events in 1961, 1994, and 1997. Then they ran the models forward from 2000 to 2099 under the “business-as-usual” projections for rising greenhouse gases. Out of the 23 cases, only two did not show a rise in extreme dipole events. “We have a very strong intermodel agreement,” Cai says. Climate change, he says, causes the waters of the western Indian Ocean to warm more than other parts of the ocean, and this preconditions the area to more extreme dipole events.Lisa Goddard, director of the International Research Institute for Climate and Society at Columbia University in Palisades, New York, does not necessarily disagree with the researchers’ conclusions, but she is concerned that they model the Indian Ocean Dipole as being completely independent of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Studies have shown how an El Niño event can trigger a dipole event, and Goddard notes that two out of the three extreme dipole events, in 1994 and 1997, were preceded by El Niño. “They’re downplaying the role of ENSO,” she says.Cai insists that the dipole can arise independently of El Niño. He points out that in 2007 and 2008 there was a moderate dipole event even though La Niña was occurring, which ought to squelch the dipole event if it were so dependent on ENSO.Regardless, the dipole has the attention of people in Australia, where it has been linked to major bushfires in 1982 to 1983 (Ash Wednesday) and 2009 (Black Saturday) that killed hundreds. “The Indian Ocean Dipole is arguably more important to us,” he says. “It can cause big damages to these economies.”last_img read more