first_imgMen’s Cross Country All-Academic Second Team Alex Eykelbosch McNeese Sr. Hemel Hempstead 4.00 Health & Human Performance Women’s Cross Country All-Academic Second Team Matthew Arnold Lamar Gr. Surrey, England 3.50 Kinesiology * Automatic selection; 2018 First Team All-Conference Women’s Cross Country Student-Athlete of the Year: Allyson Girard, Texas A&M-Corpus ChristiWomen’s Cross Country All-Academic First Team Katie Buckley* Lamar Gr. Manchester, England 3.83 Kinesiology Jamie Crowe* Lamar Gr. Glasgow, Scotland 3.83 Kinesiology Garett Cortez* UIW Sr. Schertz, Texas 3.86 Sport Management FRISCO, Texas – Lamar graduate student Jamie Crowe and Texas A&M-Corpus Christi senior Allyson Girard have been named the 2018 Southland Conference Cross Country Student-Athletes of the Year, league officials announced Wednesday. In addition to the individual award winners, Academic All-Conference First and Second Teams were also announced. All Southland yearly awards are presented by Ready Nutrition.Crowe, a Glasgow, Scotland native, wrapped up the 2018 season with a 3.83 grade point average within his kinesiology major. As a graduate student running for the Cardinals, Crowe placed first overall at the 2018 Southland Conference Championships with a 25:59.1 pace. The postseason continued for Crowe at the South Central Regional meet where he registered a 31:36.3 clip to once again place first among the field and become the first ever Lamar runner to win an individual regional title. Following his first-place performances, he was named USTFCCCA South Central Region Men’s Cross Country Athlete of the Year. Crowe concluded his cross country season at the NCAA National Championships where he finished 75th overall.Girard, a senior from Gilbert, Ariz., also capped off a successful season where she led Texas A&M-Corpus Christi placing with top-10 finishes of each meet. Her first-place finish at the 2018 Southland Conference Championships pushed the Islanders to their fifth-ever conference championship. The senior qualified for the NCAA National Championships after a sixth-place individual finish at the South Central Regional meet, where she posted a personal-best time of 20:41.5 in the 6k event. In addition to her success on the cross country course, Girard has claimed a 3.73 grade point average as a biomedical science major.Central Arkansas led the way with three total selections among the men’s All-Academic teams, while Lamar and Texas A&M-Corpus Christi added two runners apiece. Incarnate Word, Stephen F. Austin and McNeese each provided one student-athlete.Stephen F. Austin led the women’s side with three honorees among the first and second teams. Lamar and McNeese came in next providing two runners each. Texas A&M-Corpus Christi, Incarnate Word and Abilene Christian rounded out the women’s squads all earning one selection each.One male and five female student-athletes on the all-academic teams hold flawless 4.00 GPAs.Southland Conference All-Academic Teams are voted upon by a head coach, sports information director and academic/compliance staff member from each school. Student-Athletes of the Year are voted upon by an awards committee which consists of one administrator from each member school. Voting for one’s own athletes is not permitted.To be eligible for all-academic distinction, an athlete must hold a minimum 3.00 cumulative grade point average through the semester prior to the sport’s championship, completed at least one full academic year at the nominating school prior to the current season, and participated in at least 50 percent of the team’s competitions during the most recently completed season.Student-Athlete of the Year nominees must hold at least a 3.20 GPA and have completed at least two years of athletic competition at the nominating school, including the current season.First Team All-Conference athletes (top five finishers at the Southland Cross Country Championships) who meet all-academic nomination criteria are automatically named First Team All-Academic.Men’s Cross Country Student-Athlete of the Year: Jamie Crowe, LamarMen’s Cross Country All-Academic First Team Alex Hanson Central Arkansas Jr. Thatcham, England 3.22 Marketing Niall Holt McNeese Sr. Southampton, England 4.00 Health & Human Performance Jared Hamilton Central Arkansas Jr. Grand Prairie, Texas 3.74 Exercise Science Isaac Vargas A&M-Corpus Christi So. Levelland, Texas 3.60 Electrical Engineering Name School Class Hometown GPA Major Allyson Girard* A&M-Corpus Christi Sr. Gilbert, Ariz. 3.73 Biomedical Science Gladys Jerotich* McNeese Sr. Eldoret, Kenya 3.20 GNST/MLSC Titus Kiplagat* Stephen F. Austin R-Fr. Eldoret, Kenya 3.13 Kinesiology Danielle Martinez UIW Sr. New Braunfels, Texas 3.84 Marketing Carnley Graham Abilene Christian Sr. Prosper, Texas 3.91 Nursing Kelsey Ramirez Stephen F. Austin So. LaPorte, Texas 4.00 Biology Taryn Surratt* Stephen F. Austin Jr. Webster, Texas 4.00 Music Markus Schweikert Central Arkansas Sr. Spay, Germany 3.87 Marketing Claire Crone Stephen F. Austin Jr. Cedar Park, Texas 4.00 Mathematics Name School Class Hometown GPA Major Name School Class Hometown GPA Major Katy Whiteoak Lamar So. Manchester, England 4.00 Health & Human Performance Name School Class Hometown GPA Major Marek Spriestersbach A&M-Corpus Christi Sr. Oberneisen, Germany 3.96 Mechanical Engineeringlast_img read more

first_img Juan V. Albarracin-Jordan and José M. Capriles A pouch containing psychoactive compounds was stitched together from the snouts of three Andean foxes. Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) By Michael PriceMay. 6, 2019 , 3:00 PM When José Capriles arrived in 2008 at the Cueva del Chileno rock shelter, nestled on the western slopes of Bolivia’s Andes, he didn’t know what he would find within. Sweeping aside layers of fresh and ancient llama dung, he found the remains of an ancient burial site: stone markers suggesting a body had once been interred there and a small leather bag cinched with a string. Inside was a collection of ancient drug paraphernalia—bone spatulas to crush the seeds of plants with psychoactive compounds, wooden tablets inlaid with gemstones to serve as a crushing surface, a wooden snuffing tube with a carved humanoid figure, and a small pouch stitched together from the snouts of three foxes.Now, more than a decade later, Capriles—an anthropologist at Pennsylvania State University in State College—and colleagues have discovered that the 1000-year-old bag contains the most varied combination of psychoactive compounds found at a South American site, including cocaine and the primary ingredients in a hallucinogenic tea called ayahuasca. The contents suggest the users were well versed in the psychoactive properties of the substances, and also that they sourced their goods from well-established trade routes.“Whoever had this bag of amazing goodies … would have had to travel great distances to acquire those plants,” says Melanie Miller, lead author of a new study on the discovery and a bioarchaeologist at the University of Otago in Dunedin, New Zealand. “[Either that], or they had really extensive exchange networks.” Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Email In 2010, Miller joined the team to help chemically analyze the items, which had been nearly perfectly preserved in the arid conditions of the 4000-meter-high mountains. Radiocarbon dating revealed that the outer bag was made around 1000 C.E. Next, Miller carefully unwound the fox snout pouch and emptied its dust and debris onto a piece of aluminum foil. Using a technique frequently used in modern illicit drug testing called liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, she and her fellow researchers hunted for chemical signatures in the sample. They identified at least five psychoactive substances: cocaine, benzoylecgonine, bufotenine, harmine, and dimethyltryptamine.Harmine and dimethyltryptamine are the main ingredients in ayahuasca, used ceremonially for centuries by indigenous South Americans. Miller says their presence alongside the snuffing tube and tablet may mean that people inhaled these chemicals long before they were brewed into a beverage. Archaeologists find richest cache of ancient mind-altering drugs in South Americacenter_img Juan V. Albarracin-Jordan and José M. Capriles Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country Nearly every culture on Earth has dabbled with consciousness- and perception-altering substances. Indigenous groups from Central and South America have used hallucinogens such as peyote and psilocybin mushrooms during rituals and religious ceremonies for thousands of years. Archaeologists have uncovered hundreds of items that provide a glimpse into these ancient practices, but few are as complete as the Bolivian find. A snuffing tube was used to inhale ground-up plant matter with psychoactive compounds. Researchers discovered the mind-altering kit in the Cueva del Chileno rock shelter, high in the Bolivian Andes. Juan V. Albarracin-Jordan and José M. Capriles The mixture’s origins also offer clues to the trade routes of the people who occupied the high plains. Several of the compounds come from the plant genus Anadenanthera—also known as vilca, cebil, or yopo—which grows widely through South America, but not in this region of the Andes. Similarly, the likely source of the harmine is a lowland Amazonian species.Miller says it’s possible that the mixture of compounds was unique to the region. The fact that at least two of the ingredients are known to be used in tandem in ayahuasca raises the possibility that this shaman was selecting plant combinations for specific mind-altering effects, they report today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “Maybe they were mixing multiple things together because they realized when they’re combined, they have a whole different set of experiences,” Miller says.When indigenous South Americans began to brew ayahuasca is still a major mystery, says Christine VanPool, an anthropologist at the University of Missouri in Columbia who wasn’t involved in the work. She’s intrigued by the idea they may first have discovered its properties by inhaling its key compounds. Shamans “say they’ve had [ayahuasca] for a very long time. So in some ways, I wasn’t surprised,” she says. But because archaeological evidence has been lacking, the new find is “exciting.”last_img read more