increasing everyone’s awareness of natural hazards. and that if a new 6 April earthquake occurs anywhere in the country the response will be different.000, National Science Foundation Existing National Science Foundation (NSF) grantees won’t be affected by the government-wide funding cut,This week
and a dinosaur’s zigzagging backbones with Online News Editor Catherine Matacic. Well,99 (or approx Rs. "Climate change, government’s premier science advisory organization in its 152-year history. And because she is a geophysicist her rise next year would mark a break for NAS which by tradition would have selected a new leader from the biological sciences after the two-term presidency of atmospheric scientist Ralph J Cicerone The choice of a second consecutive earth scientist as NAS president marks "a recognition that geoscience is as integral to advancing humanity as physics chemistry math and the other sciences" Christine McEntee executive director of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) in Washington DC,” says Collins, the board of directors for the National Ecological Observatory Network," says co-author Kim Lewis, Massachusetts,from December 7 to December 9.
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Dorfan says he was attracted by the challenge of developing a top-flight interdisciplinary research institute from scratch on the relatively remote island." says committee member Kiyoshi Kurokawa,as soon as she was released.the authors found that participants who drank cold tea were more likely than people who drank warm tea to choose romance movies over movies from other genres.The explosion has probably been caused by a grenade left in the area after a recent encounter, Senior Superintendent of Police for Pulwama Amit Kumar said Two militantsincluding a Jaish-e-Mohammad commanderwere killed in a 20-hour gunbattle which also left an army officer injured in Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir last Saturday For all the latest shlf1314 News download shlf1314n Express App More Related NewsWritten by Tanika Sarkar | Updated: January 16 2016 2:48 am The first half covers colonial and immediate post-colonial times and the second explores Kerala and West Bengal both ruled by the Left for long stretches of time Related News Book-The Phoenix Moment: Challenges Confronting the shlf1314n Left Author: Praful Bidwai Publisher: Harper Collins Pages: 600 Price: Rs 407 Massive research penetrating analysis strong and clear arguments and a sparkling narrative had always characterised Praful Bidwai’s writings from weekly columns to scholarly monographs The qualities are more than evident in his last and posthumously published history of the shlf1314n Parliamentary Left from its inception in 1925 to the present The first half covers colonial and immediate post-colonial times and the second explores Kerala and West Bengal both ruled by the Left for long stretches of time Each state gets two chapters one to explain the Left’s early achievements and the second to track its later debasement into patronage politics insulated from mass movements Bidwai is far more appreciative of the Left in Kerala which it governed intermittently than in West Bengal which it ruled for 34 continuous years Tripura perhaps the most remarkable instance of Left governance is unfortunately missing The research is stupendous spanning party archives — sadly not many inner party documents most of which are kept adamantly secret — newspapers historical works as well as analyses of shlf1314n and global politics from diverse perspectives and intellectual and political debates around socialist and Marxist theories Bidwai’s own intimate familiarity with all this adds an unusual historical and conceptual depth to the account The mode of production debates of the 1970s about whether to characterise the shlf1314n economy as capitalist or as semi-feudal for instance are succinctly summarised in an appendix Harkishan S Surjeet (left) with Jyoti Basu and EMS Namboodiripad at the 1993 CPI(M) central committee meeting Bangalore The book elaborates the current crisis and concludes with thoughtful and sound suggestions about how to overcome it — hoping that the Left is still capable of listening to them The focus is on the CPI and the CPI(M) but very often they are intertwined with socialists social movements independent workers — organisations and left insurrectionaries — about all of which Bidwai was amazingly well-informed Surprisingly few scholars have so far written a history of the shlf1314n Left This 90-year-old history — ironically coterminous with that of the RSS the Other of the Left — however holds an impressive record of anti-imperialist politics massive working class and peasant mobilisations despite tremendous repression in colonial and early post-colonial times significant cultural movements insurrections as well as governance with a difference (for some time at least) of three states and the critical national role played by the Left as a major force of opposition Bidwai provides a rich and complex account of this history This was a particularly difficult book to write when the Left seems to face something like a terminal crisis For Bidwai this is not just an electoral failure but an existential crisis of identity Bidwai’s narrative is tensely poised between affiliation and opposition between fervent appreciation of Left achievements and bitter anger against its self-imposed limits — some of them conjunctural some mid or long-term and some structural almost constitutive Among the former would be what Jyoti Basu called the “historic blunder” of 1996 when the party prevented him from heading a government at the Centre Bidwai invokes the missed chance somewhat repetitively Factionalism leading to the split of 1964 and to the recent inner-party violence in Kerala would be another instance Among the former would be what Jyoti Basu called the “historic blunder” of 1996 when the party prevented him from heading a government at the Centre Bidwai invokes the missed chance somewhat repetitively Factionalism leading to the split of 1964 and to the recent inner-party violence in Kerala would be another instance More serious than many other tactical blunders was the new industrial policy of 1994 an embrace of neoliberal economics and the China model in obedience to national and multinational capitalist commands and entailing ruthless violence against subaltern classes The momentous change in policy orientation was adopted without any public debates on its necessity or considering alternative possibilities of development This is also partly related to the deeper constitutive problem of Left adherence to the principle of “democratic centralism” Another long-term problem lay with restless changes in patterns of political or electoral alliances often dictated by Soviet calculations in earlier times or with highly conflicted and incoherent stances on shlf1314’s nuclear ambitions and nuclear energy Bidwai shows how these flow from a seriously flawed understanding of ecological and human consequences and from privileging national ambitions over both concerns He is particularly well informed about this issue Another serious problem has been the relative neglect of unorganised labour especially agricultural labour in West Bengal Fairly soon land reforms degenerated into base-building among the small and prosperous peasantry alone Panchayats were increasingly annexed to party politics West Bengal has a poor showing for public health and education for empowerment of women the lower castes and Muslims The celebrated Kerala model can boast of far more impressive social indicators of real progress but it too was exhausted by economic stagnation The most serious structural limit relates to the Left’s crippling theoretical deficit Since its birth it has clung to Stalinist orthodoxy — the most impoverished version of Marxism — and isolated itself from far richer socialist and Marxist strands as also from feminist and Dalit critical social theories Consequently it could not contribute to international communist doctrines from an shlf1314n perspective At the same time an obstinate fidelity to the Soviet line made it incapable of theorising shlf1314n political and social realities adivasis caste gender religion communalism the environment and the militarisation of Kashmir and the Northeast In short it developed no serious understanding of any major and relevant dimension of shlf1314n experiences This stands in puzzling contrast with its earlier formidable skills in mass mobilisation The Soviet collapse consequently deepened political incoherence At present there is no vision only electoral calculations for recovery Bidwai considers that Left governance at its best approximated the aspirations of Nehruvian secular nationalism: a strong developmentalist state with investments in public sector enterprises in large industries but offering little by way of social welfare or radical reform in fundamental class relations As that vision eroded the Left turned to economic conservatism instead of exploring new socialist or social democratic alternatives The Phoenix Moment nonetheless staunchly envisions the resurgence of a reinvented Left — without which for Bidwai shlf1314’s future is doomed Tanika Sarkar is professor of modern history at Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi For all the latest Lifestyle News download shlf1314n Express App